What Is an Argumentative Essay

People often engage in arguments but how they handle them determines the outcome. One person may have stronger points that overshadow the points of the other person. An argumentative essay doesn’t engage two people in an argument. The writer takes a position on a certain question. 

Before they decide on the position to take, the writer does wide research to determine which side has stronger points. Based on their position, they put every effort to convince their audience to agree with it. Follow this guide to write a strong essay. 

What is an Argumentative Essay?

An argumentative essay is similar to an expository essay but they differ in the depth of research and writing involved. It is mostly assigned to students after completing their first year in college. They demand deeper research and are lengthy compared to most essays. 

The essay requires the writer to conduct investigations, collect information, and generate an argument. Through the evidence the writer collects, they take a stand or position on the topic assigned and use the evidence to argue their position. 

To get enough points to argue about, the writer must conduct extensive research and record the sources. Most students source for the services of a college essay writer when they want to write attractive argumentative essays. 

The information collected can be obtained from the internet, experiments, surveys, interviews, or observations. Before the writer decides on the position to take, they must first fully understand the information to make sure it cannot be refuted. Every argument must be reasonable, relevant, and built on the foundation of detailed information. The writer’s thesis statement plays a crucial role in an argumentative essay. 

When Do You Write an Argumentative Essay?

Most students fail to understand what is the main purpose of an argumentative essay.

Unless specifically specified, most essays assigned in universities have a certain degree of argumentative essay. 

They focus more on convincing the reader to agree with the position taken by the writer. If a lecturer wants to test the ability of a student to argue an issue out, they may request them to write it. Its prompts may contain these words: 

  • Discuss
  • Argue
  • Assess

Based on these words, the writer can write an argumentative essay when you want to achieve the following:

Assessing a Situation

To assess can mean to evaluate the nature of a substance, natural phenomenon, or society. During the assessment, the writer uses their judgment to appraise or refute a statement that was spoken. To make it attractive, the writer should use both research tools and free online writing tools. They can take different approaches when assessing a situation.

  • Analyze how logically the ideas flow
  • How the evidence supports the prompt
  • How the evidence can be used to convince the reader to support the stand

Discussing a Topic

When a writer is discussing a topic, they take a broader view of the topic and thoughts and then provide information about it. The writer may support both sides of the discussion or lean on one side. The writer forcefully presents their reasons for supporting their stand. They provide a detailed explanation to the reader aiming to win their support or to convince them to agree with them. 

Arguing a Topic

To argue means to reason out an issue and use supporting evidence. The writer must research widely to gather enough evidence to support their arguments. The reader has a right either to agree with or refute the writer. Whether they agree or refute, they must have their reasons, although they are not required to provide them. 

Approaches to Argumentative Essays

The ideas for argumentative essay should be approached objectively. The writer should make logical arguments and provide evidence without basing it on emotional and exaggerated facts. Most students adopt the Toulmin and Rogerian argumentative models. 

The Toulmin Model 

The Toulmin model follows this approach. 

The writer claims a specific topic or prompt. They can claim, for example, that smartphones have brought more problems to the world today than solutions. This is a claim that the reader can agree with or refute but the writer can convince them to agree with it depending on the evidence they provide. 

The next step is for the writer to provide the evidence for their claim. Since they’ve already claimed that smartphones cause more problems than solutions, their evidence must lean on the side of the problems. 

This is where the writer is required to conduct deeper research. The writer should then explain how their evidence supports the claim they had earlier made. They should also argue any limitations attributed to their claims. 

The Rogerian Model

The Rogerian model follows this approach. 

If the writer takes the Rogerian approach, they will follow different steps of arguments. They will first argue reasons why the refuting side could be right and reasons the audience might take the opposing side. 

They then discuss why the opposing side is wrong and go ahead to present their arguments and discuss how their stand is the best. They conclude by suggesting any possible limitations to their position that the opposers may take advantage of and win the argument. 

The Body: Developing Your Argument

The body of an argumentative essay carries the greatest weight. This is where the writer provides every detail of their argument. By this time, the writer has taken their time to conduct deep research and recorded the outline of their arguments. They have collected enough evidence, reasoned against each, and analyzed the possibility of providing strong conviction to the reader to agree with them. A student can buy essays for college if they find developing their argument challenging. 

Most short essays follow the format of a five-paragraph essay where the body comprises three paragraphs. However, longer essays require more paragraphs, sections, and headings. When discussing the arguments, the writer should discuss one point in each paragraph. If it is a five-paragraph essay, the writer should discuss three main points because the body has three paragraphs. 

Although each paragraph contains a specific point, they should all flow smoothly without conflicting with each other. Conflicting paragraphs create confusion for the reader. Each main point discussed in the paragraph can have minor points to support it. 

When arguing a point in a paragraph, the writer should remember to keep to the structure of a paragraph. The first line of the paragraph introduces the point. The middle lines discuss the point and provide evidence to support the argument. 

This is the point where the writer can use minor points to support the argument. The final line in the paragraph should conclude the argument on this specific point. It should prepare the reader to move on to the next paragraph. 

How to Structure Your Essay

An essay provides a logical argument to the reader in response to the question provided. The writer must understand how to structure an argumentative essay and decide the best writing style that fits them. Many students may find the process of writing an argument stressful and hard but with the right information, it is easy to write the arguments and provide the relevant evidence. These steps are important when writing. 


The introduction is the opening section and it contains several subsections. The first page indicates the discipline or field followed by the topic the writer is about to argue about. Below the topic, the writer indicates the actual argument they have been asked to discuss. 

The next page is the introduction where the writer first states why the selected topic is important concerning the discipline. The writer then focuses on discussing the current debates surrounding the topic and outlines the problem including the scope of the work, and its context. 

The next subsection in the introduction highlights to the reader how the sections flow into each other. This is immediately followed by the attractive thesis statement which highlights to the reader the argument and the answer they’ve given to the question. The introduction should not take more than 15% of the entire essay. 

The Body

The body is the main core and takes about 80% of the entire essay. The body is divided into paragraphs, with each paragraph covering one argument. The first paragraph discusses the context and theory of the argument by providing background. What follows are several paragraphs depending on the length of the essay. 

Each paragraph can have between 100 to 200 words. Each contains an opening sentence, supporting sentences, and a closing sentence. The final paragraph in the body provides the final argument of the points by analyzing and evaluating their context and theory. 

Frequently Asked Questions About Argumentative Essays

What is an argumentative essay?

It is a type of essay that requires a writer to take a specific position. They must research and gather enough evidence to support their position. This uses this evidence to convince the reader to agree with them. 

How is it written?

Most college essays contain some argumentative style in them. If the lecturer doesn’t specify the kind of essay to write, a student may assume they are writing an essay. To understand if the essay is argumentative, the writer should look out for phrases such as discuss, argue, or assess. 

Is an argumentative essay the same as an expository essay?

The two essay genres are similar but an expository essay is short and is often assigned to classroom practice. It is often assigned at the end of an academic year and is lengthy. It requires deep research to get strong supporting evidence for the arguments.


The conclusion consolidates the arguments and states their conclusions. It then outlines the implications and the arguments and other available arguments around the topic. 

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